What to look for when choosing investments
Like houses and cars, investments cost money. Low-cost investments help you keep as much as possible for your retirement.
A type of investment that pools shareholder money and invests it in a variety of securities. Each investor owns shares of the fund and can buy or sell these shares at any time. Mutual funds are typically more diversified, low-cost, and convenient than investing in individual securities, and they're professionally managed.
ETF (exchange-traded fund)
A type of investment with characteristics of both mutual funds and individual stocks. ETFs are professionally managed and typically diversified, like mutual funds, but they can be bought and sold at any point during the trading day using straightforward or sophisticated strategies.
This is a fancy way of saying "spread out your risk." You know, don't put all your eggs in one basket.
For example, you could hold stocks from thousands of companies through a mutual fund or ETF (exchange-traded fund). That way, if one company's stock price plummets, it will barely reflect in your account balance.
If you're not interested in digging into the details of every option out there, we'd recommend mutual funds or ETFs that cover the complete U.S. stock, U.S. bond, international stock, and international bond markets.
(As a guideline, put about 30% of your stock money in international stocks and 20% of your bond money in international bonds.)
Mutual funds vs. ETFs
Both of these types of investments are diversified and professionally managed.
ETFs can also offer trading flexibility and other benefits, while mutual funds may have account options that aren't available with ETFs.
A type of fund that seeks to track the performance of a particular market index by buying and holding all or a representative sample of the securities in the index, in the same proportions as their weightings in the index.
A type of mutual fund or ETF (exchange-traded fund) that seeks to outperform the return of a particular market index (for example, the S&P 500 Index) by buying and selling securities in a way that will maximize gains, based on a combination of in-depth research, market forecasting, experience, and expertise.
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All investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of the money you invest. Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss.
Vanguard’s advice services are provided by Vanguard Advisers, Inc., (“VAI”) a registered investment advisor, or by Vanguard National Trust Company (“VNTC”), a federally chartered, limited-purpose trust company.
The services provided to clients will vary based upon the service selected, including management, fees, eligibility, and access to an advisor. Find VAI’s Form CRS and each program’s advisory brochure here for an overview.
VAI and VNTC are subsidiaries of The Vanguard Group, Inc., and affiliates of Vanguard Marketing Corporation. Neither VAI, VNTC nor its affiliates guarantee profits or protection from losses.