If you’re under age 50, you can contribute up to $6,000 across 1 or more IRAs for tax year 2020. If you’re age 50 or older, the limit is slightly higher ($7,000).*
You can make an IRA contribution for a given year anytime between January 1 and the tax-filing deadline of the following year (usually April 15). The IRS has extended the 2020 tax filing and IRA contribution deadline to Monday, May 17, 2021. You can make a 2020 IRA contribution between January 1, 2020 and May 17, 2021—but we don’t recommend waiting. Here’s why.
You invest to earn money. The amount of money you earn depends primarily on 3 factors—2 of which you can control.
Let’s say you invest $5,500 in your IRA every year for 30 years and your average annual return is 4%.**
In each example, you’re contributing a total of $165,000 to your IRA over the course of 30 years. The difference in earnings is due entirely to the timing of your contributions.
The hypothetical examples above represent what-if scenarios that aren’t always possible to replicate in real life. For instance, you may not be able to invest the same amount each year or have to skip a few years altogether. That’s okay. Take small steps toward saving 12%–15% of your gross income (including employer contributions) each year.
Maybe you don’t have the financial flexibility to make a lump-sum investment in your IRA—in January or April (or in any other month as a matter of fact). That’s okay too. Try setting up recurring automatic bank transfers. Making biweekly contributions over the course of 30 years (for a total contribution of $165,000) and earning a 4% average annual return would result in an end balance smaller than Example A but bigger than Example B. Not too shabby.
Want to get a better handle on your retirement goals? Take a look at our retirement income calculator. You can review your progress so far and determine what you may need in the future.
If you’re making an IRA contribution—no matter the amount and timing—you’re on the right track. All we’re saying is if you happen to find yourself in the position to make your annual IRA contribution before following year’s tax-filing deadline, go for it.
*You can never contribute more than you’ve earned for the year.
**This hypothetical example is provided for the purposes of illustration only. It doesn’t represent the return on any particular investment and the rate isn’t guaranteed. All figures are in today’s dollars. Assumes contributions on January 1 of the tax year and April 1 of the following year. Figure assumes each investor contributes $5,500 for 30 years ($165,000 total) and earns 4% annually after inflation. Source: Vanguard.
All investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of the money you invest.
We recommend that you consult a tax or financial advisor about your individual situation.