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Vanguard ETF costs & minimums

Know exactly how low your ETF costs will be—and how much you'll need to get started.

ETF fees & expenses at a glance

Expense ratios

Every ETF has an expense ratio, which covers the cost of operating the fund. The average Vanguard ETF® expense ratio is 68% less than the industry average.*

Bid-ask spread

The bid-ask spread is typically a few pennies per share for Vanguard ETFs®.

Costs you won't have to pay at Vanguard

No commissions when you buy and sell Vanguard ETFs through Vanguard.**

No extra fees to have one of our investment professionals place a trade for you.

No account service fees if you sign up to receive your account documents electronically, or if you're a Voyager, Voyager Select, Flagship, or Flagship Select Services client. If none of these apply, a $20 fee will be charged annually.

Minimum investment requirements

No account minimum

There's no minimum for your Vanguard Brokerage Account's money market settlement fund beyond what you need to pay for the investments you buy.

No ETF minimum

There's no minimum investment to buy ETFs beyond the price of 1 share.

How much could our low expense ratios save you?

Wondering why our ETF expenses are so much lower than the industry average? Vanguard was built differently to make sure we stay focused on keeping your costs low. You only pay what it costs us to run the ETFs—period.

See how much you can save

See the potential impact Vanguard's low-cost ETFs can have on your savings over time compared with the industry average. Your savings have the potential to grow even more when you're invested for longer periods of time.

All examples assume an initial investment of $50,000 earning 6% each year.

At Vanguard you could save $3,814 over 10 years based on Vanguard's average ETF expense ratio of 0.14%, which results in a cost of $1,246 in this scenario, compared with the industry average expense ratio of 0.58%, which results in a cost of $5,060.

Over 20 years, you could save $13,180 based on costs of $4,431 at Vanguard compared with $17,611 at the industry average. Stay invested for 30 years and you could save $34,165 based on costs of $11,820 at Vanguard compared with $45,985 at the industry average.

If the rate of return were altered, results would vary from the hypothetical examples provided. The final balances described are after costs. These examples do not represent any particular investment and do not account for inflation. There may be other material differences between investment products that must be considered prior to investing.

All averages are asset-weighted. Industry averages exclude Vanguard. Sources: Vanguard and Morningstar, Inc., as of December 31, 2016.

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We're here to help

If you're new to Vanguard:

Call 888-241-1395

Monday through Friday
8 a.m. to 8 p.m., Eastern time

If you're already a Vanguard client:

Call 888-992-8327

Monday through Friday
8 a.m. to 10 p.m., Eastern time


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Bid-ask spread

The difference between the price a buyer is willing to pay (bid) for a security and the seller's offering (asking) price.

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Settlement fund

This money market mutual fund will hold the money you use to buy ETFs, as well as the proceeds whenever you sell.