Where do orders go?
Points to know
- Vanguard Brokerage works with several trading partners to execute orders placed with us.
- We follow "best execution" practices so that you can get the best price for your order to buy or sell.
- Quarterly reports are publicly available with details on the relationships with our trading partners.
What is "best execution?"
When you place a brokerage order with us, your order makes a round trip—from you to the market and back to you.
We route your order to one of our market centers, and we strive to get you the "best execution" price in a timely fashion by following these practices:
Market center reviews
We rigorously review market centers for their system availability, service quality, and financial and regulatory standing.
We evaluate the quality of how the market centers execute in one or more market segments. We consider various factors such as:
- Execution speed.
- Overall effective price compared with the national best bid and offer (NBBO).
- Price improvement.
- Liquidity enhancement.
We route our orders to the market centers that consistently execute at a price better than the NBBO to help ensure you receive the best possible experience.
Quarterly reports that disclose where we route orders and the nature of our routing relationships, are publicly available.
A point where an order to buy or sell a security is filled, such as a stock exchange or an electronic system.
National best bid and offer (NBBO)
A Securities and Exchange Commission requirement that brokers execute clients' trades at the best available ask price when buying securities and the best available bid price when selling securities.
The opportunity for an order to be executed at a better price than the prevailing national best bid and offer—better than the best bid for sell orders and better than the best offer for buy orders.
A measure of how quickly and easily an investment can be sold at a fair price and converted to cash.
The sum total of your investments managed toward a specific goal.
Open or transfer accounts
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For more information about Vanguard mutual funds and ETFs, visit Vanguard mutual fund prospectuses or Vanguard ETF prospectuses to obtain a prospectus or, if available, a summary prospectus. Investment objectives, risks, charges, expenses, and other important information are contained in the prospectus; read and consider it carefully before investing.
All investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of the money you invest.
Advice services are provided by Vanguard Advisers, Inc., a registered investment advisor, or by Vanguard National Trust Company, a federally chartered, limited-purpose trust company.