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Vanguard money market funds

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A man with glasses is sitting at a table researching how money market funds can help him reach his short-term investing goals
A man with glasses is sitting at a table researching how money market funds can help him reach his short-term investing goals

What's a money market fund?

A type of fixed income mutual fund that invests only in highly liquid, short-term debt. These funds offer high liquidity with a very low level of risk.

A strong track record

Our low-cost funds are crafted to help you reach your goals and achieve investment success. Over the last 10 years, we've had a history of strong performance.

Compare our money market funds

VMRXX

VMFXX

VUSXX

VMSXX

Strategy

Short-term,
U.S. goverment securities

Short-term,
U.S. goverment securities

Short-term, U.S. Treasuries

Short-term,
tax-exempt securities

Minimum initial investment

$3,000

$3,000

$3,000

$3,000

Average 7-day SEC yield as of March 10, 2021

0.01%

0.01%

0.01%

0.01%

Expense ratio as of December 22, 2020

0.10%

0.11%

0.09%

0.15%

*For the 10-year period ended December 31, 2020, 7 of 7 Vanguard money market funds, 57 of 70 Vanguard bond funds, 23 of 24 Vanguard balanced funds, and 95 of 122 Vanguard stock funds―for a total of 182 of 223 Vanguard funds―outperformed their Lipper peer-group averages. Results will vary for other time periods. Only mutual funds with a minimum 10-year history were included in the comparison. Source: Lipper, a Thomson Reuters Company. The competitive performance data shown represent past performance, which is not a guarantee of future results. View fund performance

**Vanguard average expense ratio: 0.12%. Industry average expense ratio: 0.26%. All averages are asset-weighted. Industry averages exclude Vanguard. Sources: Vanguard and Morningstar, Inc., as of December 31, 2020.

Bank accounts can offer more liquidity, ATM access, and overdraft protection. You should consider all material differences before choosing to invest.

All investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of the money you invest.

Bonds are subject to the risk that an issuer will fail to make payments on time and that bond prices will decline because of rising interest rates or negative perceptions of an issuer's ability to make payments. Investments in bonds are subject to interest rate, credit, and inflation risk.

Vanguard Municipal Money Market Fund: The Fund is only available to retail investors (natural persons). You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Although the Fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. The Fund may impose a fee upon the sale of your shares or may temporarily suspend your ability to sell shares if the Fund's liquidity falls below required minimums because of market conditions or other factors. An investment in the Fund is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund's sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time. Vanguard Municipal Money Market Fund is only available to retail investors (natural persons). Vanguard Municipal Money Market Fund may impose a fee upon the sale of your shares or may temporarily suspend your ability to sell shares if the fund's liquidity falls below required minimums because of market conditions or other factors.

Vanguard Cash Reserves Federal Money Market Fund and Vanguard Federal Money Market Fund: You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Although the Fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. An investment in the Fund is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund's sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time.

Bank deposits and CDs are guaranteed (within limits) as to principal and interest by an agency of the federal government.

All brokered CDs may fluctuate in value between purchase date and maturity date. CDs may be sold on the secondary market, which may be limited, prior to maturity subject to market conditions. Any CD sold prior to maturity may be subject to a substantial gain or loss. Vanguard Brokerage does not make a market in brokered CDs. The original face amount of the purchase is not guaranteed if the position is sold prior to maturity. CDs are subject to availability. As of July 21, 2010, all CDs are federally insured up to $250,000 per depositor, per bank. In determining the applicable insurance limits, the FDIC aggregates accounts held at the issuer, including those held through different broker-dealers or other intermediaries. For additional details regarding coverage eligibility, visit fdic.gov Open page in a new window. Vanguard Brokerage imposes a $1,000 minimum for CDs purchased through Vanguard Brokerage. Yields are calculated as simple interest, not compounded. Brokered CDs do not need to be held to maturity, charge no penalties for redemption, and have limited liquidity in a secondary market. If a CD has a step-rate, the interest rate of the CD may be higher or lower than prevailing market rates. Step-rate CDs are subject to secondary-market risk and often will include a call provision by the issuer that would subject the investor to reinvestment risk. The initial rate of a step-rate CD cannot be used to calculate the yield to maturity. If a CD has a call provision, the issuer has sole discretion whether to call the CD. If an issuer calls a CD, there is a risk to the investor that the investor will be forced to reinvest at a less favorable interest rate. Vanguard Brokerage makes no judgment as to the creditworthiness of the issuing institution and does not recommend or endorse CDs in any way.

For more information about Vanguard funds, visit vanguard.com to obtain a prospectus or, if available, a summary prospectus. Investment objectives, risks, charges, expenses, and other important information about a fund are contained in the prospectus; read and consider it carefully before investing.