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Get details on specific types of ETFs

Learn about different ETF (exchange-traded fund) types and how they can work together in your portfolio.

Bonds ETFs

Include bond ETFs in your portfolio if you're hoping to:

  • Receive income from the interest you earn on your investments.
  • Moderate the risks involved with the stock portion of your portfolio.

When investing for shorter periods of time, consider putting more money into bonds than stocks.

Get broad exposure to U.S. & international bonds with just 2 ETFs

Stock ETFs

Include stock ETFs in your portfolio if you're hoping to:

  • Grow your money over longer periods of time while potentially receiving income from dividend payments.
  • Get a higher reward in exchange for taking more risk.

When investing for longer periods of time, consider putting more money into stocks than bonds.

Get broad exposure to U.S. & international stocks with just 2 ETFs

International ETFs

Include international ETFs in your portfolio if you're hoping to:

  • Go beyond U.S. borders to get exposure to opportunities in developed and emerging countries.
  • Add even more diversification to your portfolio.

Get broad exposure to international bonds & stocks with just 2 ETFs

Sector ETFs

Include sector ETFs in your portfolio if you're hoping to:

  • Focus on a specific industry, like energy, real estate, or health care.
  • Grow your money faster by investing more in a sector you think may be on the rise.
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Determine your asset allocation

Answer some questions about your investing style and situation, and we'll suggest a combination of bonds and stocks that could help you meet your goals.

Compare specific ETFs & mutual funds

See a side-by-side comparison of up to 5 ETFs and mutual funds, including Vanguard and non-Vanguard alternatives.

Find ETFs & mutual funds that meet your criteria

Tell us what qualities are important to you, and we'll give you a list of specific Vanguard ETFs® and mutual funds.

REFERENCE CONTENT

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Diversification

A strategy intended to lower your chances of losing money on your investments.

Diversification can be achieved in many ways, including spreading your investments across:

  • Multiple asset classes, by buying a combination of cash, bonds, and stocks.
  • Multiple holdings, by buying many bonds and stocks (which you can do through a single ETF) instead of just one or a few.
  • Multiple geographic regions, by buying a combination of U.S. and international investments.