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Getting to a complete retirement plan

Educate our investors on various aspects of retirement that they should prepare for.
10 minute read
  •  
September 16, 2022
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Planning for retirement
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What your retirement looks like is unique to you.

Chances are, however, whatever you‘re picturing, it‘s not your investment portfolio. When people prepare for retirement, they often focus on the big picture, forgetting about the details.


I tell my clients that achieving a happy retirement is as much about their purpose—what they want to do and where they want to do it—as their portfolio.

How should I spend my time?

It‘s important that your plan for what you‘ll do in retirement factors in the aspects of working that‘ll be gone. For most retirees, it‘s not only a steady income, it's the social connections, purpose and goals, and mental stimulation.

Keeping that in mind, here are some options for ways you can keep yourself connected and engaged:

  • Give back. Volunteering can be a meaningful way to spend your time. You can help others by using the skills you developed during your career, or even learn new ones.
  • Stay active. Poor health can derail the best-laid plans. Look for ways to build exercise into your postretirement days, as well as activities to keep your mind sharp.
  • Start traveling. Maybe you‘d like to do some cross-country RVing or are dreaming of a future international trip. Just keep in mind that traveling can be expensive. An advisor can work with you to make sure your anticipated retirement income aligns with your goals.
  • Take classes. Retirement is a great time to finish your degree or simply learn something new. You can also choose from hundreds of online courses, some of which are free.
  • Be social. Much of what retirees miss about work is the relationships they‘ve built. So make a plan for maintaining your current relationships and building new ones.
  • Keep working. The 2022 Retirement Confidence Survey found that 70% of workers expected to do some kind of paid work in retirement. Although the continued income is an incentive, you may choose to keep working because you enjoy it.

Avoid these pitfalls if you keep working

Even if you decide to keep working, you shouldn‘t put off certain retirement decisions. A financial advisor can help you avoid these missteps so they don‘t end up eating into your income:

  • Taking Social Security early and having part of your payment withheld.
  • Not taking your required minimum distributions (RMDs).
  • Underestimating your taxes.
  • Neglecting to enroll in Medicare.
  • Triggering Medicare surcharges.

Need help with your retirement planning? Our advisors are here for you.

Where should I live?

Once you have an idea of what you want to do in retirement, the where may become clearer.

Here are a few options to consider:

  • Staying put. According to the AARP, 75% of people age 50+ want to remain in their current home. One reason to stay is the cost savings if your home is paid off. However, you‘ll still need to plan on maintenance expenses and modification costs to help you age in place.
  • Moving away. You may want to consider living in another part of the country. Some states are more retirement-friendly than others, offering a lower cost of living, better access to health care, lower taxes, and more.
  • Going smaller. Downsizing is an attractive option if you want less to maintain. You could also realize a profit from selling your home, and then reinvest those dollars back into your retirement savings. Just remember to account for any moving-related expenses. 
  • Joining a community. If you‘re social and like to participate in organized activities, a retirement community might be right for you. And if you‘re concerned about how you‘II cope as you age, try finding a community with graduated care services. Just be aware that these communities often charge hefty up-front fees in addition to your monthly living expenses.

As you start to think through the possibilities, you may want to meet with an advisor to help you weigh the pros and cons of each option.

When should I retire?

Once you‘ve figured out what you want to do and where, you also need to decide on the when. An advisor can help you figure out the finances, but there are a number of resources you can use to start working through the numbers.

See when you can retire

Assuming you have or will have the money you‘II need, here are a couple of other things to consider in determining when to retire:
 

Taking early retirement

Generally, this means retiring before the ages you‘d qualify for Social Security or Medicare—62 and 65, respectively. If you have a plan for what you‘ll do with those extra nonworking years, the main thing to consider is that you‘II most likely need to increase your saving.

Retiring earlier gives you less time to accumulate assets and means you‘ll be drawing on those assets longer. Once you‘ve put together a reasonable retirement budget, you may want to test it out for a year or so. That way you can make any adjustments while you‘re still bringing in a paycheck.

If you‘re thinking of retiring early, it would be wise to meet with an advisor sooner rather than later so they can help you figure out how best to make it happen. If you have a spouse or partner, you‘ll want to discuss this plan with them as well.
 

Retiring together or separately

If you‘re planning for retirement with a spouse or partner, it‘s good to think through different scenarios of how it could play out. Although you may picture retiring together, it may not be what works best for you both. You‘II need to consider your ages, your individual jobs and incomes, and how each of you is planning to spend retirement.

It‘s important to get on the same page well before it's time to start that next chapter.

Ready to complete your retirement plan?

Working with Vanguard Personal Advisor Services® gives you anytime access to advisors who are fiduciaries—always acting in your best interest. We‘ll work with you to build a financial plan focused on what you want to achieve with your retirement.

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*Source: Retirement Confidence Survey 2022, Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI), June 2022.

All investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of the money you invest.

When taking withdrawals from an IRA before age 59½, you may have to pay ordinary income tax plus a 10% federal penalty tax.

This information is intended to be educational and is not tailored to the investment needs of any specific investor.

Vanguard does not provide legal or tax advice. This information is general and educational in nature and should not be considered legal or tax advice. Tax laws and regulations are complex and subject to change, which can materially impact investment results. Vanguard cannot guarantee that this information is accurate, complete, or timely. Vanguard makes no warranties with regard to such information or results obtained by its use, and disclaims any liability arising out of your use of, or any tax positions taken in reliance on, such information. We recommend that you consult a tax or financial advisor about your individual situation.

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