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How much should you be saving?

Your goal amount will depend on the lifestyle and retirement date you want as well as the other sources of income you'll have.

Just getting started? Save what you can

If retirement is decades away, setting a specific goal amount is probably unnecessary. For now, focus on:

  1. Immediately saving at least enough to get the full match offered by your employer plan, if you have one. This is free money—don't let it pass you by.
  2. Working your way up to 12%–15% of your pay, including any employer match. For example, you could increase your savings rate 1% every year until you reach your target rate. This should get you in the ballpark of what you'll need.

Average retirement savings by age

A bar chart showing that on average, retirement account balances increase with age.

Source: Vanguard, How America Saves 2018. This study examined employer retirement plans (and their participants) managed by Vanguard. Amounts reflect the average balance per account.

Closer to retirement, narrow in on your goal

Two big factors weigh heavily on your retirement savings needs: how many years you're going to spend in retirement and how much you're going to need to withdraw each year.

Plan to spend at least 30 years in retirement—longer if you think you'll retire early. Medical advances are consistently extending the average lifespan.

Even if you don't plan to retire early, illness or other responsibilities could prevent you from working as long as you expected, extending your retirement on both ends.

Figuring out how much you're going to withdraw each year can also be a little tricky.

After you estimate your expected budget—which will depend on the lifestyle you expect to live in retirement—you'll need to take into account other income (like Social Security and any pensions or rental income you're expecting, for example) and calculate the difference.

Learn more about retirement accounts at Vanguard

We offer several types of accounts you can use to save for retirement. Figure out which one is right for you.

Open a retirement account

We're here to help

Talk with one of our investment specialists.

Call 800-231-2364

Monday through Friday
8 a.m. to 8 p.m., Eastern time

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You're putting money away for your future, but how do you know if it will be enough?

Roll over your retirement money

Did you leave retirement savings behind at an old job? Get more flexibility and easier money management.

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Find out how an IRA can help you start saving—and get tax benefits—today!


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Average retirement savings by age

This chart shows average retirement plan account balances by age as of 2018. For people under age 25, the average account balance was $4,773. For people age 25 to age 34, the average account balance was $24,728. For people age 35 to age 44, the average account balance was $68,935. For people age 45 to age 54, the average account balance was $129,051. For people age 55 to age 64, the average account balance was $190,505. For people age 65 and over, the average account balance was $209,984.