Portrait of Vanguard CEO Tim Buckley.
Markets and economy

Investing in a high-inflation world

Vanguard CEO Tim Buckley shares his views on investing in a high-inflation world.
Commentary by
3 minute watch
May 26, 2022
Markets and economy
Market volatility


I know many investors are concerned about inflation. It has risen to levels that many parts of the developed world haven’t seen for 40 years – exceeding 8% in the U.S. last month alone. 

In the US, the Fed is trying to break inflation by slowing the economy - increasing rates, reducing liquidity, and increasing the costs of borrowing.

Of course, monetary policy is a blunt instrument and there is a not an insignificant chance that the US economy dips into a recession in the next year.

Rising rates have caused the bond and stock market to reprice dramatically over the past few weeks.  The increasing chance of a recession undermined equities further.  As you’ve seen in your portfolio, when rates go up quickly, equity and bond prices tend to go down together.

Now, the news cycle is full of claims that 60/40 (traditional diversification) is dead. Hardly. It is time tested since the late 1920s. It has seen high inflation, low inflation, bull markets, and bear markets. Market and business cycles of different shapes and sizes.

Here is what we know:

First, a diversified portfolio gives investors the best odds of increasing purchasing power over the longer term, even in a high-inflation world.  Time and time again, equities have proven a strong diversifier.  

Second, we’ve seen some investors tilt towards commodities, REITs, and TIPS. These types of hedges can help for unexpected jumps in inflation. But, an investor must hold them ahead of time. And, over the long-run, some hedges, like commodities, can raise volatility in your portfolio to intolerable levels.

Third, you’ll be glad to have bonds in your portfolio if we enter a recession.

And finally, remember rising rates aren’t all bad for bond investors. You’ll be reinvesting at an even higher yield.

As markets go down, avoid the trap of doing something. Locking in losses usually means missing the ensuing gains, too.  Stay focused on your goals, maintain your disciplined approach, and enjoy the long-term benefits of a diversified portfolio.

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All investing is subject to risk, including the possible loss of the money you invest. Be aware that fluctuations in the financial markets and other factors may cause declines in the value of your account. There is no guarantee that any particular asset allocation or mix of funds will meet your investment objectives or provide you with a given level of income.

Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss.

Investments in bonds are subject to interest rate, credit, and inflation risk.

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